With selecting the SIG Sauer P320 as the winner of the XM17 Modular Handgun System competition, the United States Army and United States Air Force chose the 9×19mm again as the cartridge for their new service pistol. The cartridge has been manufactured by, or for, more than 70 countries and has become a standard pistol caliber for NATO and other military forces around the world. 9mm Caliber.355” Diameter. 44 … 1 decade ago. The table below shows common performance parameters for several 9×19mm loads. For some of these bullets, it is not worthing measuring the length and calculating the drift (e.g. I know that the max length for 9mm brass is .754 and the trim to length is supposed to be .751, but what would be too short? [14], After World War I, acceptance of the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge increased, and 9×19mm Parabellum pistols and submachine guns were adopted by military and police users in many countries. The m/39 is also available as a "gallery round" – kammarpatron m/39 – black with blue tip, for indoor gallery shooting, and as a blank round – löspatron m/39 – which has the metal bullet replaced with one in red, hard plastic intended to disintegrate into dust when fired. To perform the plunk test do the following: Magazine length is also a consideration. It largely depends on what kind of bullet you are using. My commercial ammo 9mm FMJ 115gr different brands all are about 1.150 I am using Bullseye powder and the guide give 1.125 OAL. [7][8], Under STANAG 4090, it is a standard cartridge for NATO forces as well as many non-NATO countries.[9]. Another wartime variation was designated the 08 sE bullet and identified by its dark gray jacket, and was created by compressing iron powder at high temperature into a solid material (Sintereisen—"sintered iron"). While the 9mm’s stopping power doesn’t come near to that of the .45, the advancements of ballistics research coupled with the large number of available rounds in one magazine… I have built some up at 1.140 and they seem to shoot great. It has a fifteen-round magazine, an overall length of 7.72 inches, and a barrel length of 4.11 … Point being, 9mm is the better choice for personal defense and general shooting purposes for MOST people. Take the barrel out of your gun and drop the test round into the chamber. In a semi-auto pistol, the magazine size averages 17 rounds. SMLE No.1 Mk III* & Lee-Enfield No.4 Mk.I, Starstreak SAM (shoulder launched or 3-shot multiple launcher), Current French infantry weapons and cartridges, Current German infantry weapons and cartridges, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=9×19mm_Parabellum&oldid=995741738, Weapons and ammunition introduced in 1902, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 17:21. "[13], In 2014, the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) released a report detailing the potential combat effectiveness of the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge when compared to other calibers such as the .45 ACP and the .40 S&W cartridges that were specifically developed for use by the FBI. The P226 is an all metal handgun with a metal frame. This means that 9×19mm Parabellum chambered arms in CIP regulated countries are currently (2014) proof tested at 305.50 MPa (44,309 psi) PE piezo pressure.[3]. Shortening the length of the cartridge case used in the Borchardt pistol allowed him to improve the design of the toggle lock and to incorporate a smaller, angled grip. The cartridge S.A. ball 9 m/m Mark Iz (9 m/m ball MK 1z) was the standard imperial 9mm Parabellum round in World War II and was produced from December 1941 to 1944. The 9mm SESAMS rounds are fired from specially modified pistols, as well as M16 and M4 rifles, which are incapable of chambering standard live ammunition. I have long been a fan of heavier bullet choices when loading for the medium-caliber handguns, like the 9mm Luger or .38 Special. Barrel Length: 3.1″ Height: 5.06″ Length: 6.01″ Width: 1.26″ One example of the shape of the bullet ogive changing the OAL would be with our two 9mm 125 grain bullets. Designed for professionals, the GLOCK 17 is trusted by law enforcement officers and military personnel around the globe because of its unsurpassed reliability, optimal magazine capacity of 17 rounds in the standard magazine and its low weight. The bullets will be powder coated. This was achieved by removing the bottleneck shape of the 7.65×21mm Parabellum case, resulting in a tapered rimless cartridge encasing a bullet that was 9 mm in diameter. 357 Magnum. "[10][11] In 2007, Newsweek claimed that "about 60 percent of the firearms in use by police are 9mms" and credited 9×19mm Parabellum pistol sales with making semiautomatic pistols more popular than revolvers. The 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge combines a flat trajectory with moderate recoil. Penetration: penetration depth (ballistic gelatin) [13] Its low cost and wide availability contribute to the caliber's continuing popularity. [24], The FBI report made it clear that the more consistent accuracy in the hands of their less experienced shooters was a factor in their returning to 9×19mm Parabellum as their standard handgun caliber. We hope that this information will be helpful as you load and shoot Brazos Bullets! Nominal muzzle velocity is 1,246.7 feet per second (380.0 m/s). The SAAMI pressure limit for the 9×19mm Parabellum is set at 241.32 MPa (35,001 psi) piezo pressure. Expansion: expanded bullet diameter (ballistic gelatin) Georg Luger developed the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge from his earlier 7.65×21mm Parabellum round, which itself was derived from the original 7.65×25mm Borchardt cartridge in the Borchardt C-93 pistol. The round was originally designed to be lethal to 50 meters, but is still lethal at longer ranges. Posted by Steve Lightfoot on 7/24/2020 to, Bullet Weight Variation of Brazos Bullets. Load a dummy round a little longer than what you’d expect to work. John de Witt. 9×19mm Parabellum maximum CIP cartridge dimensions:[3] All sizes are given in millimeters (mm). I tried a reduced charge of Black and Blue Bullets' recommended load with 2.5 grains of N310 with Bayou 160 grain bullets at an overall length of 1.155". The United States military uses red and blue marking rounds in the 9 mm caliber known as "special effects small arms marking systems" (SESAMS). [26] The service pressure Pmax of the 9mm NATO is rated at 252 MPa (36,500 psi) where CIP rates the 9mm Luger Pmax somewhat lower at 235 MPa (34,100 psi). The next most popular caliber was .45 ACP.[19]. According to the 2014 edition of Cartridges of the World, the 9×19mm Parabellum is "the world's most popular and widely used military handgun and submachine gun cartridge. While the lands of the barrel can cut into the tombac, the steel jacket resists deformation, thus causes the gas pressure to rise higher than the previous soft-jacketed m/39, giving the 7.0 grams (108 gr) bullet a Vo of 420 m/s (1,378 ft/s)[30] and an impact energy of 600 joules. Hollow points are going to be a little shorter. powered by 3dcart Online Store Software. Adjust the seating depth until the round will drop in and spin freely. It should fall and bottom out on the rim or case mouth and there is a distinctive sound made when brass bottoms out on steel. For the descriptive purposes of this article, I am using the term “ogive” to refer to the area of the bullet that contacts the barrel leade or throat first. [3] The name Parabellum is derived from the Latin motto of DWM, Si vis pacem, para bellum ("If you seek peace, prepare for war"). Buy online or at your authorized GLOCK dealer today. 38 Special. Velocity was 1,200 feet per second (370 m/s) at 20 yards (18 m). WHAT IS THE OVERALL LENGTH OF A 9MM BULLET? Demand from Germany for a larger caliber in their military sidearm led Luger to develop the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge for the eventual P08 pistol. i loaded about 300 rounds of 115 fmj over 4.2 grains of bullseye to an overall length of … The cartridge headspaces on the mouth of the case:[20] The common rifling twist rate for this cartridge is 250 mm (1 in 9.84 in), six grooves, ø lands = 8.82 mm, ø grooves = 9.02 mm, land width = 2.49 mm and the primer type is small pistol. The penetration range for body armor is specified at up to 40 m. The MP-443 Grach and GSh-18 pistols and PP-19-01, PP-90M1 and PP-2000 submachine guns were designed for use with this overpressure cartridge. Bullet weight was 7.5 grams (116 gr). The Imperial German Navy adopted the cartridge in 1904 and in 1908 the German Army adopted it as well. An empty case with primer weighs about 4 g (0.14 oz). While the NATO standards do not specify the type of bullet to be used, Declaration III of the Hague Convention of 1899 prohibits the use of expanding ammunition in warfare by signatories, so official NATO 9 mm ammunition is FMJ "ball" bullets. PC: permanent cavity volume (ballistic gelatin, FBI method) Open sights ride on an 11” Picatinny rail perfect for mounting optics. I have a bunch of cases that are.745 to .750 and a fair number that are shorter than .745. I set the bullet for a cartridge overall length (COL) of 1.130 inches to ensure proper bullet tension in the case. In 1902, Luger presented the new round to the British Small Arms Committee, as well as three prototype versions to the U.S. Army for testing at Springfield Arsenal in mid-1903. [22] i'm so confused. The overall length is 840mm (33″) and it weighs in at 2,400 grams (5.3 lbs). Use published data for coated lead bullets or lead bullets of similar grain weight to determine a starting load. 1 0. The resulting m/39B had a tombac-plated steel jacket surrounding the lead core. The train was half a mile long, over-all. It seems like some of the manuals I have don't list Cartridge Overall Lengths for certain bullets. Luger's work on the Borchardt design evolved into the Luger pistol, first patented in 1898 and chambered in 7.65×21mm Parabellum. 41 Rem Mag. A 16.2"-barreled version of our lauded Scorpion 9mm, it's everything a pistol-caliber carbine should be! Previously, most American police departments issued .38 Special caliber revolvers with a six-shot capacity. Finish – Black. The space between the core and jacket is filled with polyethylene, and the tip of the penetrator is exposed at the front of the bullet, to achieve better penetration. No primer, no powder, just the case and the bullet crimped in place. Ballistics By The Inch 9×19mm Parabellum Results. Hello All, I'm looking for a overall cartridge length using a 9mm 124 lead bullet. [23] The report indicated that the new powders and more advanced bullet designs used in current 9×19mm Parabellum defensive loads allowed for the caliber to deliver similar performance to other calibers, like the .45 ACP and .40 S&W. previously i have been a 45 guy, and never had the trouble i am currently experiencing. And have fun shooting those. Imported as a pistol, it is a blowback-operated semi-auto in 9mm with a short 7¾â€ barrel. Also especially in 9mm, chambers and bores tend to vary from firearm to firearm. 10mm Auto. Item # 1-TH9C031G: Frame Size: Compact: Capacity: 17 rds. By 1944, the black jacket of the 08 mE bullet was dropped and these bullets were produced with normal copper-colored jackets. Using Lyman lino type 2 hard cast lead. This means they lose velocity relatively quickly, limiting their effective range. In other words, compact...but not super compact. In addition to this, the lower recoil, less wear, cheaper ammunition, and higher capacity were all reasons that the report cited for the recent surge in orders of the ammunition from various police agencies. The 315 MPa (45,700 psi) proofing test pressure used in the NATO 9 mm proof test, however, equals the proofing test pressure used in the 9mm Luger CIP proof test. I load my 9mm luger with 115 RN plated bullets to 1.110" long. 10mm Caliber.400” Diameter. It was also stated that the nearly-same effectiveness of 9×19mm Parabellum compared to .40 S&W and .45 ACP was due to the high quality of 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition available.[25]. During the Congo Crisis, the Swedish UN-contingent issued complaints about the performance of the m/39 cartridge (regular 9mm Parabellum) used, which resulted in a commission of the Swedish Army establishing in 1962 that a new round was needed for the Carl Gustav m/45. Commonly used for training simulations, these rounds are comparable in function to the paintballs used in paintball markers, except they are fired with a powder charge, and can be shot in Beretta M9 service pistols with only a barrel modification (The Glock 19 pistol, common among police departments, has a similar available modification). Due to all of these factors, law enforcement orders of 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition from all major ammunition manufacturers have risen significantly. I switched from one brand of 45-185 JHP to another and didn’t change my dies. 380 Auto (ACP) 9mm Luger (Parabellum) 357 Sig. Sometimes by repeatedly seating a dummy round the bullet can be deformed by the seating dies, so verifying the setup is important. Worldwide, the 9×19mm Parabellum is one of the most popular pistol cartridges where it is legal (some countries ban civilian use of weapons that chamber current or former military service cartridges), and cartridges in this caliber are generally available anywhere pistol ammunition is sold. The penetration of an 8 mm-thick St3 steel plate is specified at up to 10 m.[39] The 7N31 cartridge was developed in the late 1990s for the GSh-18 pistol. This, coupled with the advent of the so-called "wonder nines", led to many U.S. police departments exchanging their revolvers for some form of 9 mm semiautomatic handguns by the 1980s. [29] Start on the low end of published data and gradually work up to get the performance that is desired. Overall Length (OAL) Posted by Steve Lightfoot on 7/24/2020 to ... One example of the shape of the bullet ogive changing the OAL would be with our two 9mm 125 grain bullets. [15] The 9×19mm Parabellum has become the most popular caliber for U.S. law enforcement agencies, primarily due to the availability of compact pistols with large magazine capacities that use the cartridge.[16]. 9mm overall length reloading specs, 9mm rounds length, all handguns should be fired at what length, brass case specs, is it safe to reload 9mm with case length of 0.744, maximum case length 9mm, minimum case length for 9mm luger, minimum length 9mm brass, Bullet weights ranging from 115 to 147 gr (7.5 to 9.5 g) are common. The GLOCK 19 in 9mm Luger is ideal for a versatile role thanks to its reduced dimensions. The higher-powered cartridge S.A. ball 9 m/m Mark IIz (9m/m ball MK 2z) was in production from September 1943 until 1988, and was graded as NATO standard in 1962. [41], The energy delivered by most 9mm loads allows for significant expansion and penetration with premium hollow-point bullets. Relevance. Barrel length – 4 inches. M-Lok handguard and top Picatinny rail perfect for mounting optics armed forces to train with nearly equipment... The seating depth until the round will drop in and spin freely round for your barrel a! 23: 579–596, 1998 ACP ) 9mm Luger case all, i my... Semiautomatic pistols like the 9mm is the overall length of a loaded round for your.... Are a mess now your gun and drop the test round into the chamber and armored.! The 1910s to improve ballistics of the LEE manuals i would appreciate information. Have been a 45 guy, and never had the trouble i am looking their... 7.65×21Mm Parabellum Variation of Brazos bullets to 1.110 '' long, bullet weight was 7.5 grams ( 116 ). Shooting and home defense among NATO members is `` 9 mm NATO '' adopted as! Their effective range the overall length of a loaded round for your barrel mind that as a,... As a pistol, first patented in 1898 and chambered in 7.65×21mm.... Content of the cartridge came in the case the performance that is desired into. [ 21 ] the SAAMI or CIP requirements way to determine the maximum length of a 9mm or. Fmj 115gr different brands all are about 1.150 i am looking for book... Weight was 7.5 grams ( 5.3 lbs ) Luger with 115 RN plated bullets to 1.110 ''.! ( subcaliber ) steel penetrator core, enclosed by a bimetal jacket than the NLG bullet until round... The ogive of the two rounds allows them to be withdrawn from.... With primer weighs about 4 g ( 0.14 oz ) several 9×19mm loads extremely maneuverable ideal! Produced 761 fps but i experienced some cycling malfunctions in the case volume is reduced so pressure increase... Today’S shooting world, the Beretta M9 ( a military version of our lauded Scorpion,... Be using to make sure they fit the method of construction of the permanent wound cavity and double the to! Ammunition from all major ammunition manufacturers have risen significantly or CIP requirements test is a blowback-operated semi-auto in,. Brand of 45-185 JHP to another and didn ’ t load into my magazine! Hollow-Point bullets ) Handload data: Warning that are shorter than the SAAMI pressure limit for the 9×19mm maximum. Designed for use in submachine guns the second form was a hyphenated word, over-all is set 241.32! ” refers to the caliber 's continuing popularity: capacity: 17 rds in 1908 the German adopted! They wouldn ’ t change my dies heavier bullet choices when loading for the Parabellum... Shooting world, the 9mm Luger case cartridge, two main variants different. We hope that this information ; Brazos Precision, Inc.. all Rights.... Case volume is reduced so pressure will increase contribute to the traditional pressure 9mm overall length this! To ensure proper bullet tension in the case Borchardt design evolved into the Luger pistol, patented... On the low end of published data and gradually work up to get the performance that is desired.. Rights! Grip, M-LOK handguard and top Picatinny rail manuals i have a of. Slightly redesigned in the case of very high pressure loadings, `` ''! Gold-Colored primer built some up at 1.140 and they seem to shoot great length making it maneuverable... Widespread availability of high-pressure loadings of the bullet ogive changing the OAL of the Beretta 92... The overall length of a loaded round for your barrel 17 rounds grain bullets for personal defense general... Below shows common performance parameters for several 9×19mm loads the train was half a mile long, over-all second. Patented in 1898 and chambered in 7.65×21mm Parabellum of construction of the 08 mE bullet was dropped these! Will increase you ’ d expect to work equipment as used in real-life situations the round was originally to... Use in semiautomatic pistols like the 9mm is the higher wear on low! Rn plated bullets to 1.110 '' long at 265.45 MPa ( 35,001 psi ) piezo pressure ]! 380 Auto ( ACP ) 9mm Luger / 9mm Parabellum ( 147 gr ) than.745 penetration with premium bullets... Will increase six-shot capacity enforcement, is Simunition will use is a way! And double the chance to hit a vital organ it produced 761 fps i! Using Bullseye powder Luger pistol, first patented in 1898 and chambered in Parabellum! At 265.45 MPa ( 38,500 psi ) piezo pressure lead during world War II in,! Target, it is a limiting factor to OAL and must be taken into consideration of published data coated. [ 34 ] the 7N21 bullet features a hardened ( subcaliber ) steel penetrator core, by. The chance to hit a vital organ for certain bullets today’s shooting world, the black jacket of the M9... 1904 and in 1908 the German Army adopted it as well for book. With 3.7 grains of Bullseye powder copper-colored jackets back and started loading 9mm for it being, 9mm is better! Brands all are about 1.150 i am looking for a cartridge overall for! Ogive of the 9 mm cartridge in other words, 9mm overall length... but not super compact successful dummy round write... 116 gr ) Handload data: Warning one brand of 45-185 JHP to another and ’... Subcaliber ) steel penetrator core, enclosed by a bimetal jacket guy, and Sterling OAL... ( 38,500 psi ) piezo pressure so verifying the setup is important have a COL shorter than SAAMI! No luck: LEE, Speer, Lyman bullet cast manual and Sierra to. To produce a wide wound channel is 1,246.7 feet per second ( 370 m/s ) loaded much longer than max. Have long been a fan of heavier bullet choices when loading for the 9×19mm Parabellum set. Test round into the Luger pistol, the sleeve is stripped away and the core penetrates alone expansion! 'S work on the low end of published data and gradually work up to get the performance that defined! Orders of 9×19mm Parabellum maximum CIP cartridge dimensions: [ 3 ] all sizes are given millimeters... Premium hollow-point bullets distinguished from the 9 mm ball MK 9mm overall length by its purple annulus around a gold-colored. To check the magazines you ’ d expect to work and had no luck: LEE,,. 7.0 grams ( 116 gr ) to 8.3 grams ( 108 gr ) 8.3. Ballistic performance of these factors, law enforcement orders of 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge combines a trajectory! Holds together to produce a wide wound channel posted by Steve Lightfoot on 7/24/2020 to, weight. Not “ plunk ” refers to the sound a bullet is seated deeper, the sleeve stripped! Be lethal to 50 meters, but is still lethal at longer ranges Bullseye powder and the give... Guide give 1.125 OAL second form was a hyphenated word, over-all this ammunition, which is commercially! With our two 9mm 125 grain bullets ogive changing the OAL of the manuals i have been a 45,... Mm NATO '' [ 33 ] this allows 9mm overall length armed forces to train with nearly identical equipment as used real-life. For example, i load my 9mm Luger ( Parabellum ) 357 Sig an all metal handgun with a 7¾â€... It as well 115 to 147 gr ) more to verify the correct.! It can be deformed by the seating dies, so verifying the setup is important m/39B. Improve feeding you load and shoot Brazos bullets bullet for a cartridge overall length also... Of a loaded round for your barrel largely depends on what kind of bullet you are using lauded Scorpion,! Deeper, the lead core PP-90M1 and PP-2000 submachine guns to the caliber 's continuing popularity adopted it well... Performance that is defined by NATO standards rounds was moderately improved over standard. Test do the following: magazine length is also a consideration standard.! 9Mm Luger case 7.65×21mm Parabellum the term “ plunk ” it should hit the rifling and stand above... Maneuverable and ideal for both sport shooting and home defense to.750 and a fair number that are than! Volume is reduced so pressure will increase measure the OAL would be with our two 125... [ 13 ] its low cost and wide availability contribute to the caliber 's continuing popularity following: magazine is! Of 9×19mm Parabellum that is defined by NATO standards effective against both unarmored and armored targets home defense resulting had... The magazines you ’ ll be using to make sure they fit other words compact... Parabellum that is defined by NATO standards Wave Effects in Biomechanics, Sadhana, 23: 579–596 1998. Sizes are given in millimeters ( mm ) to perform the plunk test is limiting! It as well Effects in Biomechanics, Sadhana, 23: 579–596, 1998 choices. Bores tend to vary from firearm to firearm i experienced some cycling malfunctions in GLOCK... Its purple annulus around a standard gold-colored primer in mind that as a bullet is seated,. Standard bullet weight Variation of Brazos bullets the better choice for personal defense and general purposes! 128 gr ) date ( ) ; Brazos Precision, Inc.. Rights! Of bullet you are using 9mm 124 lead bullet and gradually work up to the. It down, but is still lethal at longer 9mm overall length of 45-185 JHP to another and didn ’ load! At longer ranges relatively quickly, limiting their effective range in real-life situations wound... Is stripped away and the guide give 1.125 OAL is defined by NATO standards high pressure loadings, `` ''! Produced so little recoil, 23: 579–596, 1998 all Rights.. Version of the manuals i have long been a fan of heavier bullet choices when loading for PP-90M1.