And while the skirmishers moved forward at a double to start harassing the enemy, the cavalry waited in reserve. At Magnesia, Antiochus' disregard for his phalanx and his misdirected cavalry charge led to his defeat. Tactic-wise, defeats of the phalanx in the hands of the Romans was mostly due to a degradation in the understanding on how such units must be protected. Macedonian Pike Phalanx. A romanized infantry and certainly not a phalanx. The distance from Greece put a strain on the Seleucid military system, as it was primarily based around the recruitment of Greeks as the key segment of the army. Daviochus himself will be on foot, guarded by his faithful Molossian hound and an elite unit of Silver Shields. This form of fighting had been developed by the Macedonian army in the reign of Philip II of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great. ... My army is Later Seleucid and I wanted to understand the different options for the earlier period. Seleucid Army King Antiochus with army standard bearer Cavalry 8 x Companion cavalry – half barding 10 x Agema Seleucid Cataphracts – half barding 10 x Seleucid Cataphracts – full barding 10 x Neo-Tarentine light Cavalry 6 x Parthian horse archers Phalanx 24 x Silver Shields – Argyraspides 32 x Eastern Settler Phalanx – Katoikoi So, there were 5000 Agyraspides present. Firstly, there were the heavy cavalry of which there were Kataphraktoi (armoured) and Aphraktoi (unarmoured). Alongside the phalanx, the Seleucid armies used a great deal of native and mercenary troops to supplement their Greek forces, which were limited due to the distance from the Seleucid rulers' Macedonian homeland. The Seleucid Armies Part II. Throughout most of their tenure they were equipped in the Macedonian fashion and trained for phalanx combat like their illustrious forebears. The model is a conversion of a left-over Gallic chariot with additional horses and a Seleucid archer. Large numbers of native contingents fought at the Battle of Raphia in 217 BC. Our Attila overhaul is a complete conversion mod for Attila: Total War that will be set in the Rome II time period. Schwerin-White, Susan, & Kuhrt, Amelie (1993), This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 06:59. At the Battle of Magnesia Antiochus deployed Dahae horse archers, Gallograecian (Galatian) cavalry and camel-borne Arab archers.[53]. The eastern style of horse warfare would have a deep impact in the reign of Antiochus III, when he armed his heavy cavalry along Parthian lines. The situation in the Seleucid kingdom is less well understood. The principle guard infantry of the Seleucid army was the 'Silver-Shields', or Argyraspides. In order to remedy this, semi-heavy cavalry were needed to watch their flanks. All figures painted by Ian Galley unless otherwise noted. These units retained their regimental identities down to the second century. This follows from my Seleucid settler pikemen so not a great deal more to say on these 20mm Newline Designs miniatures. Seleucus had ended up with the ‘elite cavalry regiments of Alexander’s army: two Iranian regiments, the agema and Nisaeans, together with the Companions, as well as the Argyraspides or `silver-shields’. Argyraspides = Silver shields ; Chalkaspides = Bronze shields ; Leukaspides = White shields ; Pre and Post 205 BC. Place a special unit block in the same hex as each Silver Shields unit to distinguish them from the other units. [33] The light cavalry was used to skirmish, so troops such as those that fought in the Tarentine style were common within this category, although there were numerous native contingents too. [13] Thirdly, the defeat of the Antigonids at the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC was a great culture shock, showing the complete destruction of the Macedonian military system at the hands of the Roman legion. Indeed, the 'Romanized' troops are seen facing the Maccabees at the Battle of Beth Zechariah in 162 BC. Livery_(None) 4. As for the Agema, they were probably equipped the same as the cataphracts. Nevertheless, they still had their problems. The Seleucid siege of Alexandria was not long lived, and was unsuccessful in any case. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. [52], The Seleucids fielded several types of mercenary, vassal and allied cavalry. The argument for not allowing the Agyraspists to be Superior after 166 BC is that the performance of the Seleucid state after 166 BC deteriorates rapidly. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. Feb 10, 2016 - Explore LAND: the game's board "2nd Century BCE - Seleucid Empire", followed by 114 people on Pinterest. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. Daviochus himself will be on foot, guarded by his faithful Molossian hound and an elite unit of Silver Shields. For example, Thracian mercenaries along with Mysian, Cilician, Lycian, and Vassal troops from the mountainous areas of the empire were used by Antiochus III in conjunction with Thorakitai in his storming of the Elburz range in 210 BC. The Silver Shield phalanx, as well as other sarissa phalanxes, is conspicuously underequppted for late Macedonian infantry, which was more heavily armored than the earlier infantry of Alexander the Great. The weight of their armour restricted movement, but the elimination of a shield for protection made the rider and horse more vulnerable. The best Seleucid Phalanx the Silver Shields are good troops and are great coupled with Silver Shield Legionaries. ... and one of the black patterns on silver shields for my Argyraspides. The desire to meet the phalanx head on and the need for protection was remedied after the anabasis of Antiochus III to the eastern satrapies in 210-206 BC. [34] These were the Agema (the 'Guards') and the Hetairoi ('Companions'). First, their armour provided protection from missiles, arrows, spears and pikes. This unit can be played by macedon in custom battles as well as in the campaign. See more ideas about Hellenistic, Ancient, Parthian empire. The rest of the Seleucid army would consist of a large number of native and mercenary troops, who would serve as light auxiliary troops. Also in this photo is Daviochos’ chief bodyguard, Acharis “The Cruel”. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. The core of my army is Seleucid and the photos reflect this. Able to switch formations far more easily than pikemen, these legionaries are the most useful of all Seleucid infantry units. [16] Little else is known specifically about them, although they may have been present at the battle of Beth-Zachariah in 162. Facti seleucus shoulder add-on space marine tabletop wargaming Theme greek tiny shields veteran Despite the numerous advantages that the Seleucids had at the height of their power, the empire soon began to fall into decline, especially with the coming of so many dynastic wars between the rival claimants to the Seleucid throne. Seleucids implemented their plan right from the start. This cavalry consisted of those richest citizens who did not hold the legal status of 'Macedonians'. [18] Citizens of Antioch played a major role in the overthrowing of Demetrius II Nicator. Training troops in this way would add to the overall efficiency and capability of the army and make it more manoeuvrable. So much so that Appian blamed them for the defeat at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC. (Quote) The only Romanized infantry we see are the romanized silver shields and not the regular romanized infantry Regular romanized infantry (Quote) Seleucid Melee Infantry Silver Shield Swordsmen These veterans fight in the Roman style, and do so with fortitude. Seleucid Silver Shields. All members in good standing are free to post here. [25] Certain ethnic contingents, be they vassal or mercenary, were of considerable use. [15], The majority of the Seleucid phalanx was probably formed by the two corps that are mentioned in the Daphne Parade of 166 BC, namely the 10,000 Chrysaspides (Greek: Χρυσάσπιδες 'Golden-Shields') and the 5,000 Chalkaspides ('Bronze-Shields'). [7] They were armed in the Macedonian manner with a sarissa and fought in the phalanx formation, much like the other Hellenistic armies of the time. After all, the late Seleucid "Argyraspides" were thorakitai with silver-plated shields. [39] Both corps of cavalry could escort the king into battle, or both could be brigaded together into one unit of 2,000. The phalanx was a large, dense formation of men armed with small shields and a long pike called the sarissa. However, unfortunately for the Seleucids, their main rivals, the Romans and Ptolemies, used armies that were centered around a core of good infantry. Seleucid Pike Infantry Silver Shield Pikemen Veteran pikemen are rarely matched in quality or courage on the battlefield. The Epilektoi were most likely recruited from the city of Larissa, which was founded by colonists from Larissa on the Greek mainland. We do not find the militias involved in the great campaigns before the general decline of the kingdom, which occurred in the latter half of the second century BC. The Silver Shields (Seleucid Empire Battle Music), an album by Tyler Cunningham on Spotify. He decided his left would hold Antigonus’s right while his phalanx in the center, again anchored by the incomparable Silver Shields, would win the battle by crushing Antigonus’s infantry. [6], The principle guard infantry of the Seleucid army was the 'Silver-Shields', or Argyraspides. [40] Both units were armed with a xyston, a cavalry lance not so dissimilar to the sarissa. Seleucid Shield Patterns My second Field of Glory army will most likely be a Seleucid army. At the time of the second Punic War, Antiochos III, or Antiochos Megas, led the Successor kingdom of the Seleucids. By the beginning of the 1st century BC, the Seleucid kingdom was still troubled by instability caused by civil war between the northern and southern branches of the Seleucid royal household. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. The Silver Shield Pikemen unit is native to Total War: Rome II and has not been altered. There were two main periods in the establishment of settlements, firstly under Seleucus I Nicator and Antiochus I Soter and then under Antiochus IV Epiphanes. It is possible that the missing 5,000 men of th… Like the phalanx, an attack on their flank could prove fatal for the rider and these difficulties were exploited by infantry 'which assaulted the cataphracts from the flanks, attacking body parts of the riders and horses that were unprotected by armour'. They were of doubtful reliability, usefulness and efficiency. In 166 BC, at the Daphne Parade under Antiochus IV, the Argyraspides corps is only seen to be 5,000 strong. Unlike the more westerly powers, like the Romans and other Greek states, where infantry dominated the battlefield, in the 'vast spaces to the east, the horse cultures were more influential'. Antiochus III was an excellent cavalry commander, his assault at Tapuria in 208 BC as described by Polybius[31] could almost act as a 'military treatise on how to conduct a cavalry battle'. Seleucid silver shield pikemen are my favorite, large number of men in eich unit and longest spears amongs all the phalanxes.Not bad unit statistics … The whole kingdom may mean 'regions like Syria an… The core of any Macedonian army was the Pike Phalanx. Silver Shield Pikemen 205 BC is a significant date for Seleucids in Field of Glory. Agyraspides means Silver Shields. Demetrius, having taken the throne, decided to disband the majority of the regular army and reduce its pay by a large amount. The training of a segment of the royal guard in "Roman' methods was probably down to several factors. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. [20][21][22] Not long after, the majority of the citizen militia was wiped out in Antiochus VII's disastrous Parthian War of 129 BC. The silver color probably alludes to the Silver Shields and the Corinthian helmet to the Greek heritage of the Seleucids. It would be weird having the Seleucid legionaries in heavier armor than the Roman legionaries. Seleucid Empire (321-64 BC) Area of Modern Israel, Syria, Turkey ... going through the upper provinces when he heard that Elymais in Persia was a city famed for its wealth in silver and gold. At the Daphne parade, there was also a regiment of 'picked', known as Epilektoi, horsemen, numbering 1,000. When Demetrius took the throne as Demetrius I, Rome further undermined him by supporting Alexander Balas and numerous rebel groups, such as those of John Hyrcanus in Judea. Have fun modding! These conquests took place at the same time as the bitter civil wars in the empire. There was a moment of success and strength with the Parthian campaign of Antiochus VII, but his death in battle led to further defeat and decline. The Argyraspides were probably a corps of about 10,000 men[8] who were picked from the entire kingdom to serve in this unit. "Seleucid Silver Shields" Topic. The famed Macedonian "Silver Shields" were the backbone of the army of Alexander the Great and after his death served superbly in the armies of later Macedonian kings in Syria and Egypt. Silver Shields were now in grave danger and it was up to Seleucid cavalry and remaining Phalangite unit to protect their flanks and to try and help them. So, there were 5000 Agyraspides present. [23] The militia were most likely armed and fought in the style of the Thureophoroi. [26] The Persian and Iranian troops were most likely of a higher professional military standing than most of the other contingents, as they are seen on garrison duty throughout the empire. The Seleucid cavalry, after the introduction of the Cataphract, can be sub-divided into several categories. The Greek Mercenaries pressed forward but Silver Shields decided to pin down the Sarmatian Lancers. They were armed in the Macedonian manner with a sarissa and fought in the phalanx formation, much like the other Hellenistic armies of the time. After the introduction of the Cataphract, the Hetairoi were given similar but lighter protection. The Silver Shields held the charge from those two units, giving enough time for the red shielded Seleucid phalanx to his the elephant in the rear. The Seleucid talent for adopting good ideas is given solidity in the shape of these Legionaries who are direct copies of the Roman originals! [46], Along with the citizen militia infantry, there were also militia cavalry units recruited in the cities, known as Politikoi. However, following their catastrophic defeat at Magnesia in 190BC by the Romans, the Seleucids began to re-model the Silver Shields on the impressive Roman legionaries who defeated them, certainly in equipment if not in tactics. Opinions expressed here are solely those of the posters, and have not been cleared with nor are they endorsed by The Miniatures Page. I'm going to be running a Magnesia game this summer with some friends, and in preparation for that I'm going to be painting up several Selucid battle groups. [41] Another regiment of horse that was similarly armed to the cataphracts was the Nisian cavalry (Nisaioi), which was composed of Iranians. They were armed in the Macedonian manner with a sarissa and fought in the phalanx formation, much like the other Hellenistic armies of the time. When the smoke cleared, the former 'commander-in-chief of the camp', Seleucus, controlled Babylon and several other eastern satrapies, proclaiming himself king in 306BC. His territory became known as the Seleucid Empire, and the Silver Shields formed the elite of its armies from the very beginning. There is a simple trick to deal with chariots, and that is; don't do anything. Attack: 9 Missile: 13 Defense: 22 Recruitment Cost: 710 Abilities: Can form testudo (tortoise) formation with shields, javelins thrown before charge, good morale, good stamina, can sap. The Argyraspides (in Greek Ἀργυράσπιδες "Silver Shields"), were a division of the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great, who were so called because they carried silver-plated shields. The Romans, increasingly after the death of Antiochus IV, supported those claimants who they felt would be weak and no threat to them. Making up for the loss of ethnic contingents, the army was supplemented by mercenaries, who were more experienced and better trained. [44] The cataphracts could also have their kontos grabbed from them or be knocked off their horse. Chariot: The earlier Seleucid lists have an option for a Scythed Chariot. After the loss of Media, the main recruiting ground for the Agema, to the Parthians, the Epilektoi were given the title and role of the Agema by Alexander Balas.[42]. A hopefully faithful recreation of the much-loved, if historically questionable unit from the original Rome: Total War. This mod adds the "Silver Shield Pikemen" to the Macedonian army roster, a unit already present in the Seleucid army roster. Despite the prospect of a mobile cavalry phalanx, the cavalry still faced problems. In order to increase the population of Greeks in their kingdom, the Seleucid rulers created military settlements. [17], There was a militia, at least in Syria. [35] However, it seems that writers referred to them by several names other than just the 'companions'; the basilike ile ('royal squadron' or 'regia ala' according to Livy), and the hippos hetairike ('horse companions'). 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