Thus he had proven himself to be a very dependable man. As the keystone of police state terror, these organizations earned a reputation for all-seeing efficiency and sadistic inhumanity. Surprisingly, the Gestapo was never actually a very big organization. The Gestapo files are extremely detailed. , While the total numbers of Gestapo officials was limited when contrasted against the represented populations, the average Volksgenosse (Nazi term for the "member of the German people") was typically not under observation, so the statistical ratio between Gestapo officials and inhabitants is "largely worthless and of little significance" according to some recent scholars. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. , After the war, U.S. Counterintelligence Corps employed the former Lyon Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie for his anti-communist efforts and also helped him escape to Bolivia. With the country in lock down, hundreds of Czechoslovakians were arrested and tortured as the Gestapo amped up their manhunt to find Kubiš and Gabčík. The Compare Japanese and German racial ideology. Confidential office – hostile foreigners, Occupied territories – France, Belgium, Holland, Norway, Denmark (D4), Department E (Security and counterintelligence), Viktor Harnischfeger (Düsseldorf Gestapo Criminal Commissar). very big organization. As late as 6 June 1944, Heinrich Müller—concerned about the leakage of information to the Allies—set up a special unit called Sonderkommando Jerzy that was meant to root out the Polish intelligence network in western and southwestern Europe.  The idea was to fully identify and integrate the party agency (SD) with the state agency (SiPo). Gestapo was derived from seven letters within the full name Geheime This list was given to the Gestapo – the Secret Police. Hitler vehemently rejected the centuries' old Habsburg pluralist principles of "live and let live" with regard to ethnic groups, peoples, minorities, religions, cultures and languages. next turned his attention to the plain-clothes police. , Between 14 November 1945 and 3 October 1946, the Allies established an International Military Tribunal (IMT) to try 22 major Nazi war criminals and six groups for crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. by the administrative courts." He also encouraged Diels to maintain and expand the secret files le Mérite medal fancied himself as a military leader. Indeed, the Gestapo became a law unto itself. How could the Holocaust have happened? Next, Göring , In Austria, there were groups still loyal to the Habsburgs, who unlike most across the greater German Reich, remained determined to resist the Nazis. men working against each other to curry favor with Hitler as to who would  Beyond that, sleep deprivation and various forms of harassment were used as investigative methods. In this, he ran into conflict with Schutzstaffel (SS) chief Heinrich Himmler who was police chief of the second most powerful German state, Bavaria. Groups like the White Rose and others, such as the Edelweiss Pirates, and the Swing Youth, were placed under strict Gestapo observation. Nazi Party. They are directed by Heinrich Himmler, leader of the SS (Schutzstaffel / Protection Squadron) whose primary role was to protect Poland during the Final Solution of the Jewish question. The Gestapo prison center  Nineteen of the 22 were convicted, and twelve—Martin Bormann (in absentia), Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Hermann Göring, Alfred Jodl, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Alfred Rosenberg, Fritz Sauckel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher—were given the death penalty. The efficiency of Stasi is what really impressed the Russians. Klaus had a personal history with France, with his family having hailed from Merzig in the Saar region of Germany near the French border. For example, in 1939 Stettin and Frankfurt am Main only had a total of 41 Gestapo men combined. At the end of the Cold War one in 90 East Germans was working as an informer for … Other duties to ensure that organizational doctrine remained intact ruled that the Gestapo became one the... Interior ministry acquired immense powers and responsibilities hated political enemies, they sent! 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